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Importing Books & Paper from EU to UK

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Importing Books & Paper

You may be a publisher receiving manuscripts, a company registering a patent or a school importing children’s books in bulk. The United Kingdom left the European Union’s single market on 1 January 2021, and the Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) came into effect on 24 December. Since that date, the UK has become a ‘third country’ to the EU. Here is what businesses now need to do to import books and paper from the EU to the UK.

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EORI Numbers and VAT registration

Before Brexit, UK businesses were allowed to operate with EU Economic Operators Registration and Identification (EORI) numbers. This arrangement has now changed. To import into the United Kingdom, you need an EORI number corresponding to the respective region. For instance, a GB EORI number to import into England, Scotland or Wales and an IX EORI number to import into Northern Ireland. The latter, however, still allows imports using EU numbers as it still has a closer trade relationship with the European Union. To get an EORI number, you need to have:

  • A permanent establishment, central headquarters or registered office in the UK.
  • A Government gateway user ID and password.
  • A National insurance number.
  • A Unique Taxpayers Reference.
  • A Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code and business start date.
  • A VAT number.

Getting VAT registration is a crucial step to take before starting the import process. Businesses with VAT registration are often given preferential duty rates and allowed to claim duty refunds.


Import Requirements

Commodity Codes and Import Declarations

The UK charges no import duties and VAT on miscellaneous documents and related articles coming from the EU. To get duty relief, you will have to write the correct commodity code on your import declaration. Here is a list of items and their commodity codes.

Commodity code 49059900 classifies scientific maps, charts and diagrams and code 49060000, architectural and engineering plans and designs. However, if importing articles with advertising space covering more than 25% of the surface, you will have to pay full duty.

Use code 37052000 to classify:

  • Microfilms of books,
  • Children’s pictures, drawing or colouring books,
  • School exercise books and workbooks,
  • Newspapers and periodicals,
  • Non-commercial printed documents and reports,
  • Crossword puzzle books.

Code 49111090 covers:

  • Catalogues of books and publications sold by booksellers established outside the UK.
  • Catalogues of films,
  • Tourism promotion posters, publications, brochures, guidebooks and pamphlets,
  • Bibliographies to be distributed free of charge.

How to Claim VAT Relief

Before claiming VAT relief, ensure that the books and paper you are importing are non-controlled and that you will not require a special licence to import them. It is best to claim relief at the time of import, as late claims are subject to special conditions. You or your specialist freight forwarder must complete an import declaration to claim relief on books and paper imported as freight. UK customs allows sea freight operators, air freight companies and road freight couriers to act as customs agents submitting import declarations. Additionally, freight operators often have special software that can communicate with CHIEF, duty deferment accounts and HMRC authorisation, so it is a good idea to let them deal with customs on your behalf. Ensure that you give your courier clear written instructions for the goods that you are claiming relief on.

Claiming duty relief on an import declaration requires filling a special customs procedure code in box 37 of the declaration.

For example:

  • Code CPC 4000C11 for claiming relief for goods of an educational, scientific or cultural nature.
  • Code CPC 4000C31 for goods of a general nature and
  • Code 4000C34 for trademarks and applications for patents for inventions.

After claiming relief, you must tell NIRU if you dispose of the imported books or transfer them to another organisation. Additionally, the National Imports Relief Unit may ask you for some documents, later on, so you must keep them in good condition for four years. These documents include:

  • Evidence of ownership.
  • Evidence of disposal.
  • Identification documents such as serial numbers and manufacturer’s marks.
  • Details of the import declaration and value of the goods.
  • When, where and how the goods were used.
We are friendly, easy to work with, honest and we do not charge the earth.

Here at Barrington Freight, we are a professional and reliable service specialising in speedy, cost-effective deliveries to Europe and across the globe. We have an outstanding next day delivery service trusted by manufacturers and individuals to complete dedicated 24-hour delivery freight shipments across Europe. Visit us today near the M25 at Bowden Terminal in Essex or contact us for a quote.

Joe Archer
Joe Archer
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Excellent service all round!
David Smith
David Smith
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Needed Help getting an odd piece of machinery from the EU and got all the help I needed.
Kay Sherry
Kay Sherry
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Simon Pool from Barrington freight was very helpful and door to door service to S.Korea was excellent, pick up and delivery services on time. I highly recommend Barrington Freight for air cargo services. Thank you Simon and the team! Kay
Daniel Gardner
Daniel Gardner
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The team at Barrington where incredible at delivering our goods on-time despite the new Brexit regulations on goods being imported. We even didn't pay tax on the returning shipment coming back to German.
Drewit Studio
Drewit Studio
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Brilliant service. Extremely helpful, and they supported us all the way through the process of transporting goods to mainland Europe, which for anyone who hasn't done that before can seem quite daunting. Would definitely recommend using this company.
Jason Scott
Jason Scott
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Working with Barrington was brilliant. They really looked out for us, tackling our tough shipping/freight requirements keeping us informed at every stage of the process. Thank you
James Ayre
James Ayre
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kept up to date with all progress, i know they had a particularly troubling time with import customs messing up paperwork but sorted all that out for me. highly reccomend will use again
Peter Seal
Peter Seal
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Excellent company, very efficient and great communication. Competitive , quick quotes!
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We are very satisfied, we would like to thank the team for this with an awesome rating! They handled the delivery of a very sensitive, valuable, gigantic pallet for us at a fair price and without any problems. I mean, out of 4 companies, only they were able to undertake it. Nothing is damaged! We recommend the company to everyone :)
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Barrington Freight Ltd,
Bowden House,
Luckyn Lane, Basildon,
Essex SS14 3AX