The UK and EU markets and supply chains for automotive and automotive parts are highly intertwined. Every day, over 1000 trucks carrying £35 million worth of automotive parts enter the UK from the continent. And each day, these automotive parts are transformed into 6,400 cars and 10,500 engines, most of which are exported back to EU customers. Before Brexit, freight vehicles exporting automotive parts from the UK to the EU did not need to undergo checks at customs. Great Britain permanently exited the European Union, but the two regions agreed to a Trade and Cooperation Agreement to avoid severe damage to their trade connections. The TCA came into effect on 1 January 2021, and with it, new export processes and checks. If you are a company exporting automotive parts from the UK to the EU in 2021, here is what you need to do.
Previous EU simplifications allowed businesses to export using EORI numbers from any EU country. However, under the TCA, traders exporting from England, Scotland or Wales will need to get a GB EORI number. Companies exporting from Northern Ireland, however, can keep operating with EU numbers.
To get a new EORI number, you need to contact HMRC and provide them with the following details:
If you export your automotive parts through Northern Ireland or directly from Northern Ireland, you will need to get an EORI number starting with XI. This is because you will need an XI EORI number to make declarations in NI. You must obtain a GB EORI number before applying to get an XI EORI number. Once you have your GB EORI number, contact HMRC and provide them with:
Commodity codes will tell you how much duty and VAT to pay for your automotive parts and whether you require a special licence. The Heading 8703 under chapter 87 covers commodity codes for exporting cars. Use code:
Car parts fall under chapters 84, 85 and 87, with the majority falling under chapter 87. Export car parts such as service parts, brakes and engine parts using the codes:
Bicycles and motorbikes fall under chapter 87. For example, use the code:
Under the regulations of the TCA, you will need to fill in an export declaration for your automotive parts. If you wish to make declarations yourself, you can choose to make a:
It’s best to let someone make the declaration on your behalf, such as a customs agent or specialist freight forwarding company, to avoid complications with customs. Road freight couriers operating between the UK and Europe often have HMRC authorisation to act as direct or direct representatives, so consider asking your courier for assistance.