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What is an EORI number?
What is an EORI number?

All UK businesses that export and import need an EORI Number when sending commercial cargo to the EU and internationally. Working with Barrington Freight will ensure you are compliant; however, if you want to take the DIY approach, we have put together this handy EORI number guide to get you started.

EORI Number: What Does It Mean?

  • EORI stands for Economic Operator Registration and Identification number. An EORI number is stored nationally and on a central EU database to allow information sharing for security and statistical purposes between customs authorities and government departments or agencies. This system replaced the Traders Union Reference Number System, which identified import/export traders for customs declarations.

You will need an EORI if:

  • You import or export international commercial goods to and from the EU. 
  • You are planning to import or export goods with countries outside the EU.
  • You trade with countries including Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Iceland, Jersey, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Moldova, Norway, and Switzerland.
  • You do not need an EORI if importing or exporting products for private use.

How to Apply for an EORI Number?

  • To apply for an EORI number, you will need to fill out the online form available via your HMRC Government Gateway account (used for tax returns) or contact the HMRC EORI Team on 0300 322 9434.
  • The application process is relatively straightforward. We are happy to help with your application if you need support.

Get In Touch For More Information

Call: 01268 525444 

Email: [email protected]

Can I Check If I’ve Got an EORI?

  • Use the EORI Checker to see if your VAT number is already registered.

EORI Number Application: When Is Best to Apply?

  • If you plan to export goods via sea, air, or via road freight, it’s vital to have the EORI number first. However, if you are importing then your EORI is only required before the goods arrive in the UK, so you may have a couple of weeks if you use sea freight.
  • If importing via air or road freight, timing is critical as it takes a few days to process your application. It’s best to apply before your goods are sent so everything is organised before the shipment arrives.



Additional Information

  • An EORI number is different from your VAT number, but HMRC links them. HMRC provides a C79 form to reclaim import VAT on your VAT return.
  • You must apply for an EORI Number. As mentioned, if VAT is registered, your EORI will be linked, and if not, HMRC will issue a separate EORI number.

If you want to import/ export or know more about obtaining an EORI number, contact Barrington Freight today.